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ED 605: Research Methods

Databases to Locate Journal Articles

Types of Research Articles

Qualities of Empirical Research

  • Data is derived from a scientific method
  • Data comes from something that the author experienced, i.e. observation or measurement
  • Includes specific research questions to be answered
  • Definition of the population, behavior, or phenomena to be studied
  • Description of a process used to study a population or phenomena, including selection criteria, controls, and testing instruments

Look for the "IMRaD" format:

  • Introduction
    • Often includes a Literature Review: What is currently known about the topic -- usually includes a theoretical framework and/or discussion of previous studies
  • Methodology: sometimes called "research design" -- how to recreate the study -- usually describes the population, research process, and analytical tools
  • Results: sometimes called "findings" -- what was learned through the study -- usually appears as statistical data or as substantial quotations from research participants
  • Discussion: sometimes called "conclusion" or "implications" -- why the study is important -- usually describes how the research results influence professional practices or future studies

Qualities of Primary Research

  • The article reports on a study conducted by the authors writing the article.
  • May include a lit review, but cannot only be a literature review article
  • Will include hypothesis, methods, data, etc.

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