This guide supports further research into Beyoncé's literary, film, and history references in her visual album 'Lemonade.' The guide was adapated from the 'Lemonade' guide created by Jenny Ferratti at Maryland Institute College of Art.
Warsan Shire is a Somali-British writer, poet, editor, and teacher. In 2013 she received The Brunel University African Poetry Prize. She was named the first Young Poet Laureate for London in 2014 at age 25. Beyoncé reads parts of Shire's poems in interludes between songs in Lemonade.(1)