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APA Citation Style Guide

Creating citations in APA format

Books

Formatting Books on Your References Page

  • Alphabetize your References list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).
  • Your entire paper, including your References page, should be double-spaced.
  • Indent the second & following lines of citations on your References page 5-7 spaces.
  • Multiple authors:
    • For 2-7 authors, your list will look like this: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.
    • More than 7 authors: provide the first six authors, an ellipsis, and the final author. For example: Wingert, P., Smith, J., Brown, P., Harris, F., Johnson, A., Thompson, R.,...Lovett, M.
  • Only capitalize the first word of the document title. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.
  • Do not place a period after URL for e-books. 
  • For e-books, no retrieval date is needed.

For additional details, see Purdue OWL guide on citing books in APA.

One Author

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

Cabane, O. F. (2012). The charisma myth: How anyone can master the art and

       science of personal magnetism. New York, NY: Portfolio/Penguin.

Two to Seven Authors

Last Name, First Initial(s), Last Name, First Initial(s), & Last Name, First(s). (Year).

       Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

Valenti, F. M., Smith, J. H., & Stone, B. (2000). More than a movie. Boulder, CO: 

       Westview Press.

Eight or More Authors

Last Name, A., Last Name, B., Last Name, C., Last Name, D., Last Name, E., Last

       Name, F.,...Last Name, K. (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

You may cite an essay from a book with an editor and multiple authors, or the whole book. This will depend on what you have quoted within your paper. If there is more than one editor listed in the book's publication information, use the notation (Eds.) rather than (Ed.).

Entire Edited Book

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Ed.). (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

Montney, C. B. (Ed.). (2008). Asian American information directory. Detroit, MI;

       Gale.

Essay from an Edited Book

NOTE: First name in citation is the author of the essay and second name is the editor of the book.

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of essay. In First Initial(s) Last Name (Ed.), 

       Title of book (pages of chapter). City, State: Publisher.

Montarjemi, Y. (2016). Progress has been made toward reducing foodborne outbreaks. 

       In A. Francis (Ed.), Foodborne outbreaks. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press.

Book with an Author and an Editor

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. B. B. Editor (Ed.). City, State: Publisher.

Austen, J. (2012). The Annotated Emma. D. M. Shapard (Ed.). New York, NY: 

       Anchor Books.

No Author

Title of book. (Year). City, State: Publisher.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (2010). Washington,

       DC: American Psychological Association.

An e-book citation follows the same rules as a print book citation except that the publication information is replaced by a DOI (digital object identifier) or the name of the database where you retrieved the e-book. If you did not retrieve the e-book from a database or if the book does not have a DOI, include the URL of the publisher's home page instead.

A Note about DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers): There are two DOI formats. The older format is simply a number, and is included in the citation as doi:number. (There is no space between the colon and the number.) The newer format is in the form of a URL and starts with http://dx.doi.org/, and is included as-is at the end of the citation (do not put "doi" or "Retrieved from" in front of it). For more information about DOI formatting, see the APA Style Blog.

E-book Without DOI

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. Retrieved from URL of publisher

Anastos, M. V. (1979). Studies in Byzantine intellectual history. Retrieved from 

       http://www.humanitiesebook.org/

E-book With DOI

Old DOI System

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. doi:Number

New DOI System

Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of book. http://dx.doi.org/number

Gosling, J., Jones, S., & Sutherland, I. (2012). Key concepts in leadership.

       http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781473914759

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